Ville romane di Stabiae
Nestling in the middle of the Gulf of Naples, the city of Castellammare di Stabia is one of the most popular tourist destinations of Campania. The ancient Stabiae was founded in the seventh and sixth century BC, it was one of locations chosen by members of the aristocracy and the Roman ‘empire, here they built luxury mansions in a panoramic position on the edge of the plateau Varano; with the eruption in 79 A.D. the city was buried under a layer of ash and lapilli of about 4 m, together with Pompeii and Herculaneum, but Stabiae returned to live very soon and it became famous for its therapeutic virtues of its thermal waters.
Villa San Marco, deriving its name from a chapel located close by in the 18th century, was built in the northeastern area of Varano Hill, 50 meter above sea level. In Bourbon times, it was the first site to be explored in the course of excavations carried out between 1749 and 1754 and was built in a period between the Ages of Augustus and Claudio Nerone.
Named for the fresco which decorated the back wall of Triclinium, Villa Arianna is located on the edge of Varano Hill, and is the oldest Villa of ancient Stabiae. It was excavated quickly and completely during the Bourbon Age, between 1757 and 1762. It’s oldest part of the villa dates back to the early 1st Century BC.