Un mosaico rivela tutta una società, come uno scheletro di ittiosauro sottintende una creazione”.

Da La ricerca dell’assoluto 1834 – Honoré de Balzac

The city, much more smaller than the nearby Pompeii, was built on a volcanic plateau overhanging the sea and at the foot of Vesuvius; During the eruption in 79 A.D. Herculaneum was buried under a thick layer of mud and lava, it preserved materials such as wood, and it sealed everything until the first eighteenth-century excavations. 

About 300 bodies of victims of the eruption were found there, and you can visit the numerous domus full of frescoes and mosaics, the most important is the luxurious Casa dei Cervi, the Gym, the majestic building with outdoor pool, the decumannus with its several shops and the Sacellum of the Augustales, the Forum Baths, the main public toilets in the city.