“I dintorni di Napoli sono i più meravigliosi del mondo. La distruzione e il caos dei vulcani inclinano l’anima a imitare la mano criminale della natura… «Noi — dissi alle mie amiche — somigliamo a questi vulcani e le persone virtuose alla monotona e desolata pianura piemontese”
Viaggio in Italia – Marchese De Sade
To the west of Naples stretches a large area of volcanic origin whose name is Campi Flegrei.
The origin of its name is Greek (phlegreios: burning) then “burning fields” so called exactly because of the presence of a myriad of large and small now dormant volcanoes.
This is one of the most fascinating areas of Campania, the destination of a journey to discover an unknown world, characterized by volcanic phenomena, ancient archaeological remains, unique works of art.
From ancient sources we learn that in this volcanic area landed the first Greek settlers in search of new lands to colonize and when they came here, they found indigenous wild hostile to them.
the myth places the battle between Ulysses and Polyphemus in these places.
There are many hot springs that gush out. Terme di Agnano are beautiful, they are primarily therapeutic; The “Stufe di Nerone” and “Lido Nero – The rock” are intended to relaxation and well-being (here you can immerse yourself in the boiling water in tanks located on the beach).
In Pozzuoli there are numerous monumental buildings of the Roman era, including the old market (macellum) called “Temple of Serapis”, the Temple of Augustus, great baths, stretches of Roman roads, large monumental necropolis, and two amphitheatres including the Flavian Amphitheatre is the third largest in Italy.
The poet Virgil in the sixth book of the Eneide places here the entrance to the Underworld mystic. Upstreamof Pozzuoli is Solfatara crater still active where they emerge powerful fumaroles
In volcano were shot some famous film, as well as the sequences “volcanic” in the film of Pink Floyd Live at Pompeii.
Currently the old Bay is partially submerged by the sea bradyseism: there are in fact many underwater archaeological remains, recently the bay of the Gulf has been declared a marine protected area.
Some particularly significant monuments have been the subject of underwater excavations: worthy of mention is the Nymphaeum of Punta Epitaph whose reconstruction, full of marble sculptures rinvenutevi, is visible in the Archaeological Museum of the Phlegraean Fields located in the Aragonese Castle of Baia.
Following the lake Fusaro is the ancient city of Cuma, which is the oldest Greek colony in Magna Grecia, famous since its origins as a venue where the oracle prophesied the Cumaean Sibyl.
the beautiful Arco Felice makes by door to the city, a monumental arch of Roman bricks built into the cut, the Romans They carried the hill, through which the ancient Domitian Way entered Cuma.